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Who Created God?

December 22, 2011

Who Created God?

I would like to start out by saying that Richard Dawkins asked this seemingly intelligent question on page 157-158 of his book, The God Delusion. Dawkins says, “You cannot infer a designer of the Universe based on the complexity of the Universe because this raises a further question – who designed the designer?” At first this may sound like a good sound question but those that actually study science may disagree. Why? Because philosophers of science recognize that in order to say that explanation (x) is the best, you don’t need an explanation of the explanation. For example, suppose astronauts were to find a pile of machinery on Mars. They would be perfectly justifiable to suggest that the best explanation of this machinery was some sort of intelligence. Even if they had no clue where this machinery came from or who put it there. This is again because you don’t have to have an explanation of the explanation in order to recognize that the explanation is the best. I think that if Richard Dawkins would think seriously about his question he would realize that all of science would be bankrupt if we were to always have to have an explanation of the explanation. This is because this endless search for explanations would lead to an infinite regress of explanations for explanations of explanations……. to the point where you never have an explanation for anything!

However, in light of Dawkins question there may actually be a “best” explanation to it. But first we should ask what created God are we talking about since there seem to be many religions in the world today?  This post will focus on the four major religions of the world: the pantheistic god of hinduism and the monotheistic (one) God of the three Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam).  This question must first be addressed because these views on God are totally different in terms of attributes and qualities.

Let’s first apply this question to the pantheistic God of Hinduism which states that “All is God”. The attributes of this God are easy to define because their view is that the Universe (nature) and God (or divinity) are identical. “All is one”, they will say. So essentially if this question was directed towards the creation of the pantheistic God we would also be asking who created the Universe? Therefore we may answer the question of “Who created God?” with “God created God”. Does this statement make sense? That the Universe/God created itself. For instance if X were the Universe/God than it would look like this: X created X. So in order for X to exist we must presuppose X. Logic tells us that we cannot presuppose the existence of something to prove it’s existence. Therefore, I cannot except the pantheistic view on God’s beginning and creation of the Universe. But does this same scenario apply to the monotheistic God of Christianity, Judaism, & Islam?

If we were to apply this question now to God as is depicted from the Old Testament we again should first analyze His attributes? Theologians recognize God as the Creator of the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1). Quite remarkably contemporary astrophysics and cosmology point to a first creation also. It basically says that in the beginning was the Big Bang which brought about the heavens and the earth (i.e. space, time, and all physical matter). Because we are lead to believe that there was a beginning (first cause) to the Universe, there must be a creator or agent that caused it. Why? Because every day experience tells us that things do not just pop into being uncaused out of nothing. Out of nothing, nothing comes. Also, if everything before us was nothing, than how could anything exist instead of just nothing?  For a more in-depth approach on this particular subject – (See my post: https://lightingdarkness.wordpress.com/2011/10/17/does-god-exist-good-evidence-1/)

Moving on we must talk about what such a Creator of the Universe would be like if He were to exist. First off, In order for an agent to actualize the material world He cannot in fact exist in or as the material world itself. In other words, He would have to transcend space and time because He would be the One who created it. If God transcends space and time then it follows that God must exist as a spaceless (exists outside of space), timeless (exists outside of time) and immaterial (exist as something other than what we perceive as materials, or mass) being which cannot be detected or seen by man aside from divine revelation and intervention. If this question therefore would be asked about the Creator God as mentioned in the Bible how should it be answered considering these qualities?

“Who created God?” The answer is, “That question does not make sense”. Why? Because a transcendent immaterial, spaceless, timeless being requires no cause because He would not exist in time. Think about. We see things in this physical reality in terms of past, present, and future. This is what is known as Time. But if we are talking in negative terms of a timeless realm or being, there would be no beginning and no end which is right in line with Biblical scripture.

Theologian and Philosopher Norman Geisler puts it this way,

The Bible declares that God is eternal. He was before time, and he created time. Hence, he cannot be a part of time, though he can relate to time as its Creator in the way a cause relates to its effect. Many verses of Scripture support God’s eternality: “God said to Moses, ‘I am who I am’ ” (Ex 3:14)…”The theological grounds for God’s eternality are found in several other attributes. For example, immutabilityimplieseternality, for an immutable being cannot change. But whatever is in time changes. Hence, God cannot be in time. God’s eternality can also be inferred from his infinity. An infinite being has no limits, whereas a temporal being has limits. Hence, God is not a temporal being. Pure actuality is also a ground for eternality. Pure actuality (pure actuality means that God is actuality and has no potentiality whatsoever. Everything He could be, He is and always was and always will be. He exists but has no potential not to exist) has no potentiality, but whatever is temporal has potentiality. Hence, God is not temporal but eternal.”

Therefore, God is what is known philosophically as a necessary being or the first uncaused cause. One that exists necessarily and requires no cause. This may seems tough to take in to the unbelieving mind but makes perfect sense to those whose eyes are opened to the Truth of what the Bible states about God, our loving Creator. If X exists necessarily, which it does in this case, then it would follow that X(God) creates Y(Universe). Peace, Love, and God bless.

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From → Faith and Logic

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