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The Complexity of the Universe and God’s Existence

October 26, 2011

The world-view a person holds in this life shapes that person to think and act accordingly to those views. “Everyone: pantheist, atheist, skeptic, polytheist has to answer these questions:

  1. Where did I come from?
  2. What is life’s meaning?
  3. How do I define right from wrong?
  4.  What happens to me when I die?

These are the fulcrum points of our existence and what shapes the foundation of our world-view in this life.”1

I maintain that first a person must decide in their heart and mind if they believe that god, gods, or God exists.  This is essential because if one was to assess the existence of God solely based on facts about the religions of the world, they may be subject to certain presuppositions that will alter their perceptions.  For instance, one may be inclined to say, “There is no God!  How could there be?  No so called perfect being would want his followers to fly planes in to buildings to kill thousands of innocent victims.  That’s ludicrous and more reason for me not to believe!”  This is one example of a presupposition that will most definitely alter one’s perception concerning a self discovery of God.  Therefore, deciding on god, gods, or God’s existence independent of such events in history is a crucial first step that any unbeliever should undertake.  (I personally believe in the Christian God and that His discovery can also be accomplished through prayer – This is because the Christian God is a personal God and therefore can be personally experienced independent of logic, reason, and evidence. )

Once this decision has been made that god, gods, or God does exist, one must then decide which god, gods, or God is it that exists.  This is a personal decision that should be given serious thought and discovery.

  • Is it the Christian God the exists as the Trinity: Father, Son, & Holy Spirt? Or is it the Islamist view of God, or Allah, who was spoken about through the prophet Mohammed?  What about the Jewish view of God that rejects both Jesus as divine and Mohammed as being a prophet but maintains that their Messiah is coming soon?  You may choose to believe that “All is God” as the pantheist does or that there are “many gods” as does the polytheist.
          This post is focused on evidences that point to the existence of God.  That this God, if exists, is the maximally greatest being imaginable and is responsible for creating everything in space/time reality.  This view is held by the three major monotheistic religions of the world: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.   I now will turn it over here to Dr. William Craig.

2. The complex order in the universe.

“During the last thirty years, scientists have discovered that the existence of intelligent life depends upon a complex and delicate balance of initial conditions simply given in the Big Bang itself. We now know that life-prohibiting universes are vastly more probable than any life-permitting universe like ours.”  (This means that it is highly more likely that the Big Bang would have produced a universe that could not possibly have contained life as opposed to a universe like ours that contains life.  For instance, take a gaze at the stars and you will marvel at the vastness of space and all that it consists of.  Then, take a look at the extreme complexity of the human body all the way down to the mystery behind the DNA molecule we and other animals possess.  All things we see are ordered literally perfectly to support life.  What are the chances?)

How much more probable?

The answer is that the chances that the universe should be life-permitting are so infinitesimal as to be literally incomprehensible and incalculable. For example, Stephen Hawking has estimated that if the rate of the universe’s expansion one second after the Big Bang had been smaller by even one part in a 100 thousand million million, the universe would have recollapsed into a hot fireball.

P.C.W. Davies has calculated that the odds against the initial conditions being suitable for later star formation (without which planets could not exist) is 1 followed by a thousand billion billion zeros – at least!

There are around 50 such quantities and constants present in the Big Bang which must be fine-tuned in this way if the universe is to permit life. So improbability is added to improbability to improbability until our minds are reeling in incomprehensible numbers.

There is no physical reason why these constants and quantities should possess the values they do. The one-time agnostic physicist Paul Davies comments:

“Through my scientific work I’ve come to believe more and more strongly that the physical universe is put together with an ingenuity so astonishing that I can not accept it merely as a brute fact.”

Similarly Fred Hoyle declares:

“A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics.” And Robert Jastrow, the head of NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies, has called this, “the most powerful evidence for the existence of God ever to come out of science”.

So once again, the view that theist has always held, that there is an intelligent designer of the universe, seems to make much more sense than the atheistic interpretation that the universe, when it popped into being, uncaused, out of nothing, just happened to be, by chance, fine-tuned to an incomprehensible precision for the existence of intelligent life.

We can summarize this second argument as follows:2

  • The fine-tuning of the initial conditions of the universe is due to either law, chance or design.
  • It is not due to law or chance.
  • Therefore, it is due to design.
We leave it up to you to decide.  Is this universe that is nothing short of a miracle due to chance?  Or was an agent of cause, God, behind it all?  I hope that you found this post informative and useful in your quest for Truth and knowledge.  God bless.

1 Ravi Zacharias, The End of Reason (a Response to the New Atheist)

2 William Craig, Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology

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